Where to RV Camp at 10 U.S. National Monuments

If you’re a history buff and RVer, you probably have a handful of national monuments on your travel bucket list. National monuments are a great way to get outside and learn about U.S. history, as they must contain some form of cultural, historical, or scientific significance. While national parks are protected due to their inspirational, educational, or recreational value, national monuments serve to remind visitors of historical events and scientific discoveries.

The National Park Service (NPS) can manage both national monuments and parks, but monuments can also be managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, or the U.S. Forest Service.

Here are 10 national monuments worth planning a trip to with recommended RV campgrounds nearby.

a tunnel of trees dripping with spanish moss
Campground entry road at Anastasia State Park. | Photo: WatsonsWander

1. Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, Florida

The oldest masonry fort in the continental U.S., Castillo de San Marcos, was built in the late 1600s, more than 100 years after the Spanish founded the city now called St. Augustine. Rich in history, the fort was constructed after attacks by buccaneers and pirates. Built in the shape of a star, the fort is made up of coquina stone, which are shells bonded together to form a sedimentary rock. 

After 205 years, the U.S. took the fort off active duty and it became a national monument in 1924. To visitors, the fort represents the tumultuous history of the U.S.: Colonial rule, piracy, slavery, the Civil War, and Native imprisonment have all touched its walls. Its beautiful location in St. Augustine only adds to the moving experience of visiting this national monument.

Where to Camp:

a campsite with several rvs parked
Back-in RV site at Cherry Hill Park. | Photo: Campendium

2. National Monuments in Washington, D.C.

While there’s a difference between national monuments and memorials, they can be grouped together in Washington, D.C., due to their shared location on the National Mall The area’s landmarks include the Lincoln Memorial, Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial, Washington Monument, Thomas Jefferson Memorial, World War Memorials, Korean War Memorial, and Vietnam Veterans Memorial

The National Mall and Memorial Parks make up more than 1,000 acres of parkland within the nation’s capital. They honor and represent significant moments and individuals within U.S. history. While a trip to D.C. might not be a typical camping experience, there are campgrounds to be found in the surrounding area.

Where to Camp:

Belle Fourche Campground
RV site at Belle Fourche Campground. | Photo: WatsonsWander

3. Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming

Established on September 24, 1906, Devils Tower was the first national monument to be designated in the U.S. It also goes by the names of Bear’s House and Bear Lodge. Due to its sacredness to the Northern Plain Native Americans, efforts have been made (unsuccessfully) in recent years to change its name. Located within the small mountain range of the Black Hills in Eastern Wyoming, the tower sits near the South Dakota border. 

With distinct hexagonal columns at 1,267 feet in elevation, the tower is a popular climbing destination. Certain climbing routes are temporarily closed in the spring and summer months to protect falcon nesting sites. Additionally, there’s a voluntary June climbing closure to observe and balance the Native cultural and ceremonial values. Because of its designation as a national monument, historical and cultural significance take priority over recreational activities such as climbing. 

Where to Camp:

an rv at a campsite with a picnic table and scenic views
Campsite at Bonita Canyon Campground at Chiricahua National Monument. | Photo: Michael & Imkelina

4. Chiricahua National Monument, Arizona

Dubbed a “Wonderland of Rocks,” the Chiricahua National Monument is located in Southeast Arizona. The hoodoos and balancing rocks are eroded remnants of a volcanic eruption 27 million years ago. 

Visitors will want to keep a few things in mind when planning a visit to this national monument. The Faraway Ranch Historic House is currently undergoing restoration efforts. Check the website to see its current status if you’re looking to tour the ranch. Vehicles longer than 24 feet are not permitted past the visitor center on Bonita Canyon Drive. Vehicles up to 29 feet are still allowed to stay at the campground but can’t go any further. Monsoon season runs from June 15 to September 30. If visiting during this time, know that flash floods come quickly and can be dangerous. 

Where to Camp:

a campsite near the water with trees and rocks
Campsite at El Morro Campground at El Morro National Monument. | Photo: Van-Tramp

5. El Morro National Monument, New Mexico

On the ancient trail through Northwestern New Mexico, El Morro is also known as the A’ts’ina in Zuni and Inscription Rock by Anglo-American settlers. El Morro was a natural resting place for travelers because of its water source at the base of a sandstone bluff. The oldest inscription on the rock was made in 1605 by Juan de Oñate, the first Spanish governor of Santa Fe, New Mexico. There are nearby petroglyphs by Ancestral Puebloans as well. In 1906, it became a national monument and U.S. federal law prohibited further carvings on the cliffs. 

Where to Camp:

an rv is parked at a campsite under a clear blue sky
Campsite at Brown Springs Campground. | Photo: Steve

6. Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico

On the western bank of the Animas River in Aztec, New Mexico, the Aztec Ruins National Monument is a series of preserved structures constructed by Ancestral Puebloans—not the Aztecs. Monument visitors can visit a 900-year-old Ancestral Pueblo Great House with more than 400 masonry rooms and a restored Great Kiva. 

Where to Camp:

a person and a dog sit near an airstream set up at a campsite with a picnic table near the water
Back-in river site at River Park RV Resort. | Photo: Tin Shack

7. Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve, Oregon

An example of how a national monument can also be a preserve, Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve is a 4,554-acre park located in the Siskiyou Mountains along the southwestern border of Oregon. Most caves are formed in limestone or dolomite, but the Oregon Caves National Monument is unique in that it’s formed in marble. Fossils found within the monument include a 50,000-year-old grizzly bear and a 30,000-year-old jaguar. 

The monument offers cave tours 5 days per week, Thursday through Monday, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. (Cave tours are closed on Tuesdays and Wednesdays.) Tickets are available for purchase at the Illinois Valley Visitor Center in Cave Junction. Buy tickets before driving the 45-minute, one-way road into the park and note that tickets tend to sell out early in the day.

Where to Camp:

a truck tows an rv on a winding road
Pull-through site at Lava Flow Campground at Craters of the Moon National Monument. | Photo: Meandering Life

8. Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve, Idaho

Located in south-central Idaho, Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve comprises three major lava fields and thousands of acres of sagebrush grasslands. Accessible from the monument’s 7-mile Loop Drive, visitors can see a series of fissure vents, cinder cones, rafted blocks, lava flows, and spatter cones that transport them to another world. The monument’s handful of hikes and trails teach visitors about the different volcanic and lava structures. 

Dewdrop Cave, Boy Scout Cave, Beauty Cave, and Indian Tunnel are explorable, yet flashlights are needed, head protection is suggested, and entering the caves requires a free permit. In the winter, skiing is allowed on the Loop Drive once it’s closed in late November, making this a year-round destination.

Where to Camp:

an rv and a car are parked in front of red rocks
Campsite at Paria Road Dispersed Camping in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. | Photo: TheAdventureTravelers

9. Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Utah

This massive national monument protects the Grand Staircase, the Kaiparowits Plateau, and the Canyons of the Escalante in Southern Utah. The 1.87-million-acre monument was cut almost in half in 2017, only to be restored to its original size in 2021. Administered by the BLM, Grand Staircase-Escalante is the first and largest national monument to be managed by the unit. 

The monument spans five life zones, from desert to coniferous forest. Many dinosaur fossils were excavated within Grand Staircase-Escalante, including a few new species. There are a handful of BLM camping sites within the monument and more camping options in the nearby town of Kanab, Utah.

Where to Camp:

a desert landscape with several large cacti
Pull-through site at Twin Peaks Campground at Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument. | Photo: Campendium

10. Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona

Both a national monument and a UNESCO biosphere reserve, Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument is the only place in the U.S. where organ pipe and senita cacti grow wild. The Sonoran Desert monument backs right up to the U.S.-Mexican border. 

The monument was closed for more than a decade due to human and drug trafficking activity and border barrier updates. It reopened in 2014 with new surveillance towers and other security measures. Undoubtedly, the monument gets overshadowed by its political location; nevertheless, visitors can attest to the splendor of the desert landscape and the unique camping experience at the national monument’s campground.

Where to Camp: